There are two tasks in IELTS writing. 20 minutes is separated for writing task 1 and 60 minutes for writing task 2. All in all, the total timing for IELTS writing is 60 minutes/1 hour.
In the writing task 1, you are accessed with a bar a graph, table, pie-chart or a diagram and are asked to describe, summarize, compare in your own words however, you are not supposed to give your own opinion in this task. You may be asked to summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features in a diagram, describe the stages of the process of manufacturing of a product, describe how something works or describe an object or an event. Writing task can also be considered as report writing.
In writing task 2, you are asked to write an essay on the global issues which are suitable and easily understood by test takers entering undergraduate or postgraduates studies or looking for professional registration. There are five general question types and they are: Opinion (agree and disagree), advantage and disadvantage, problem and solution, discussion (discuss both views), two part question. Answers of writing task1 and task 2 should be written in an academic, semi-formal/neutral style.
General Training writing:
In writing task 1, you are presented with the circumstances and are asked to write a letter requesting information or explaining circumstances. The letter may be personal or semi-formal/neutral in style.
The questions given in writing task 2 in general training are similar to academic writing task 2 essay however, the essay can be more be personal in style than the academic writing task 2 essay.
Writing task 1:
Writing task 2: